BirdLife Cyprus – Cyprus’ position in the Eastern Mediterranean places it on one of the major migration routes and makes it an important stop off point for many species which pass each year from Europe/Asia to Africa via the Nile Delta. With a few exceptions, these are birds that breed in Europe passing south through Cyprus in autumn to return to winter in Africa or the Middle East, returning northwards again in spring. A look at the status of the birds that have been recorded on the island shows that at least 200 of the 380 species are passage migrants.
BirdLife International – More than 40% of migrant bird passing between Africa, the Middle East and Europe, have declined in the last three decades. Of these 10% are classified by BirdLife as Globally Threatened or Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. “Every year, migratory birds brave mountains, oceans, deserts and storms on their journeys to survive”, said Dr Marco Lambertini – CEO of BirdLife International.
“Their epic flights connect us all – crossing our borders, cultures and lives. However, we are destroying the habitat they need to rest and re-fuel, building hazardous structures such as powerlines which cross their path, and illegally shooting and trapping them”, added Dr Lambertini.
In response to these worrying declines, BirdLife has launched the Born to Travel Campaign to protect migratory birds along the African-Eurasian flyway. “There is no better moment then the first day of the northern spring to celebrate the arrival of migratory birds from Africa, and for BirdLife to announce our Born to Travel campaign to improve the conservation of these amazing trans-continental travellers”, added Dr Lambertini.
Various migratory bird species have been facing alarming declines in recent years.
- Many birds that are considered common, have in fact been decreasing very fast for decades, like the Cuckoo, the Turtle Dove and the Barn Swallow.
- Almost half of long-distant migrant bird species (that migrate between different continents) have declined over the last 30 years.
- At least half of the migratory raptors of the African Eurasian region are under threat, from showing consistent declines, to being officially threatened according IUCN’s Red List.
- 10% of migratory species are actually moving towards extinction (to varying degrees), such as the Aquatic Warbler, Red-breasted Goose and European Roller.
- We need to conserve a network of sites. Important Bird Areas (link coming soon), especially wetlands, throughout Africa, Middle East and Europe need to be better protected and managed throughout the flyway, and threats to sites should be removed.
- We need to restore and improve crucial habitats by encouraging sustainable land use (especially in agriculture and forestry) throughout Europe, Middle East and Africa.
- We need to give birds a safe journey Placing large structures such as wind farms and power lines in the right way, regulating pesticide use that poisons birds, and banning spring hunting are all measures that will help restore populations.
Also, check out the Born to Travel Campaign’s Facebook page.